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Biteganijwe ko isoko rya moteri ya DC itagira amashanyarazi ku isi yose izagera kuri miliyari 25 z'amadolari muri 2028
21-08-11

Ni uruhe ruhare umuringa ugira mu gukora moteri ikoresha ingufu?

Ku bijyanye no guteza imbere ikoranabuhanga rishya ry’imodoka, umuringa ni ngombwa mu kuzamura imikorere ya moteri, kandi moteri y’induction isanzwe isaba iterambere ryinshi mu mikorere binyuze mu muringa mwinshi mu kuzunguruka kwabo, ibyuma byo mu rwego rwo hejuru, ibyuma bifata neza ndetse no gukingira, hamwe no gushushanya abafana bakonje. gushakisha uburyo bunoze bwo gutwara ibinyabiziga byatumye habaho ikoranabuhanga rishya rya moteri n'ibishushanyo birenze moteri ya induction, umuringa wibanze kuri ubwo buhanga bushya.

Moteri ihoraho
Imashini ihoraho ya magnetiki (PMSM) yakoreshejwe cyane kandi murwego rwo gutwara moteri yinganda. Tekinoroji ya moteri ihoraho yasimbuye ibintu bya rotor hamwe na magnesi zikomeye zihoraho zakozwe mubutaka budasanzwe bwa aluminium. Imashini zihoraho zigabanijwe hejuru yubuso no kwishyiriraho imbere. Imiterere ya moteri ihoraho ya moteri irasa cyane na moteri gakondo ikomeretsa umuringa. Rotor iri muri moteri irihariye, hamwe na magnesi zihoraho zashyizwe mumurongo wa rotor cyangwa hejuru yinkoni. Moteri ya rukuruzi ihoraho ikoresha umuringa muke ugereranije na moteri ya AC induction isa, ariko iracyashingira kumuringa kugirango ikore neza.

Ibyiza bya moteri ya magnet PERMANENT: umurongo mwiza wa torque-yihuta, igisubizo cyiza cyane, igisubizo cyiza kandi cyizewe, kubungabunga bike, igihe kirekire cyumurimo, urusaku ruke, ubushobozi bwihuta, umuvuduko mwinshi / umuvuduko mwinshi cyangwa ubwinshi bwimbaraga.Cons: Igiciro kinini, gukenera umuvuduko uhindagurika, kuramba kubikoresho bidasanzwe byisi.

Umubare nubwoko bwinsinga zumuringa nibyingenzi mugushushanya moteri yahinduwe yanga, aho buri cyerekezo cya coil gishyizwe hamwe kugirango gifashe kuzuza ibibanza binini bya stator igishushanyo mbonera cya moteri yemerera.Copper nigice cyingenzi cya coil , kandi moteri isanzwe ikomerekejwe numuringa 100%, ifite imbaraga nke cyane ugereranije nibindi bikoresho nka aluminium. Kurwanya umuyaga uhindagurika bihinduka mubushyuhe buke, bityo bikazamura ingufu zingirakamaro kandi bikagabanya kugabanya ubushyuhe bwimikorere ya moteri.
Iyo bibaye ngombwa, moteri yanga guhinduranya ikoresha igiceri gikozwe mumigozi imeze nkumuringa cyangwa insinga ya Litz. Igiceri gikozwe mu nsinga ntoya ntoya y'umuringa ihindurwamo urukiramende rumeze nk'urukiramende. Ukoresheje ubu bwoko bwa kiyobora, birashoboka guhinduranya umuyoboro, bityo bikagabanya ingaruka zuruhu, bigatuma umuyaga wimuka hanze yinyuma umuyobozi, byongera neza kurwanya kwiyobora.

Guhindura moteri yunguka inyungu: gukora neza, cyane cyane hejuru yumutwaro mugari, umuvuduko mwinshi numuvuduko mwinshi, ibintu byiza byihuta byumuvuduko wumurongo, kwizerwa cyane nubuzima burebure, kubaka byoroshye kandi bikomeye, ubwinshi bwimbaraga.
Ibibi: Ripple torque, igipimo cyinshi cyo kunyeganyega, ikenera umuvuduko wihuta uhindagurika, urusaku, imikorere yimikorere iri munsi gato ugereranije na moteri ya PERMANENT.
Moteri ya rotor
Guhanga udushya twa tekinoroji ya moteri ya rotor ituruka kubisabwa kugirango ingufu zongererwe ingufu mumasoko ya moteri ntoya, idashobora gukemurwa nigishushanyo mbonera cya aluminium rotor gakondo. ibishushanyo mbonera bya aluminiyumu ntabwo ari ingenzi gusa kubisabwa bishya ahubwo no mubikorwa bya retrofit.Gutezimbere ubu buhanga bushya, inganda zimodoka zahinduye rotor, cyane cyane igishushanyo mbonera niterambere ryibikorwa bya rotor bigoye.Kwiyongera mubikorwa ugereranije na rotor isanzwe ya aluminium ibishushanyo byerekana ishoramari rinini mugushushanya no kwiteza imbere. Ukoresheje tekinoroji ya aluminiyumu, gupfa-guta ibyuma bikomeye byumuringa bitanga umusaruro mwinshi kuri moteri yubunini bumwe ugereranije na moteri gakondo izigama ingufu.

umwanzuro
Imashini ihoraho, kwanga guhinduranya, hamwe na moteri ya rotor ya rotor yumuringa buri tekinoroji yubuhanga bwa moteri muburyo bwihariye bwayo ishingiye kubishushanyo mbonera byumuringa kugirango ikore moteri ikora neza, yizewe. ibyuma bya elegitoronike hamwe na stator zabo zumuringa hamwe na rotor, hamwe na moteri ya rotor yumuringa hamwe na rotor ikonje ikonje hamwe nigabanuka ryubu, byose bitanga amahitamo yo kugera ku ntego zo kuzigama ingufu no kunoza imikorere.Mu buryo bushya bwo gukoresha umuringa, guhinduranya tekinoroji na magnesi zihoraho, moteri yuyu munsi Ibishushanyo birashobora guhitamo muburyo bwinshi kugirango bihuze imikorere yabo nibisabwa byihariye.

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